How Often Does My Dog Need a Teeth Cleaning in Oregon, WI?
As a dog owner, taking care of your dog’s dental health is important, and many veterinarians recommend that your dog should have their teeth checked at least once a year, and sometimes more often for certain smaller breeds. Dental cleanings and procedures allow the veterinarian to closely inspect your dog’s mouth, teeth, oral cavity, and gums, and also allow the veterinarian to take radiographs to look for possible problems not visible to the naked eye.
Unlike people, dogs are reluctant to sit back in a chair and sit for a teeth cleaning, so veterinarians recommend general anesthesia for your dog while undergoing a dental procedure. The reasons for this are that if your veterinarian needs to do dental x-rays, scaling, or tooth extraction, it’s safer to do this under anesthesia, and better for your dog.
For example, dogs are fully intubated while undergoing a dental, which means that there is little chance of aspiration of water and bacteria (which can cause pneumonia and endocarditis), and if extractions are needed, your veterinarian can provide adequate pain relief that can help your pet recover more comfortably.
Why Does My Dog Need Dental Care?
Just as with humans, dogs need regular dental care too. Periodontal disease affects pets and is caused by plaque, which is made of saliva, food, cells, and other things that form on the teeth just minutes after eating. Tooth plaque builds up and can lead to gum inflammation, which in turn can destroy gum tissue and bone.
Unlike humans, periodontal disease in pets occurs five times as often as it does in people, and one statistic has shown that more than 80% of dogs over three years old have periodontal disease. If periodontal disease progresses, it sets your dog up for loose teeth, a painful mouth, bleeding gums, and systemic infections such as endocarditis (where bacteria enter the chambers of the heart and causes inflammation).
What Happens When My Dog Has a Dental Cleaning?
As most dental procedures are performed under anesthesia, your veterinarian will be sure to conduct a thorough physical examination before anesthesia. Depending on several factors, and the age and health of your dog, your veterinarian may recommend blood work before the procedure to ensure that your dog’s liver and kidneys can adequately process anesthetic agents.
If the blood work is good, and any other diagnostics are normal, then your dog will be ready for a dental. The process usually entails the placement of an IV (intravenous) catheter, IV fluids, a pre-anesthetic dose to help your animal relax, and then the induction period when your dog is placed under anesthesia.
Just as with humans undergoing general anesthesia, your veterinarian will closely monitor vital signs such as blood pressure, oxygen saturation, heart function, body temperature, and other cardio-respiratory values. Your veterinarian will conduct a thorough oral exam, just as a human dentist would, and may also take mouth radiographs.
After the procedure, your veterinarian will “wake up” your dog, place them in recovery where post-procedure vitals are monitored. Most veterinarians do their dental procedures in the morning and send their patients home at the end of the day.
So How Often Should I Have My Dog’s Teeth Cleaned in Oregon, WI?
The question of how often you should have your dog’s teeth cleaned depends on several factors, such as age, breed, and lifestyle of your dog.
Age of Your Dog
Older dogs tend to need more dental care than younger dogs, and the reason is simply that time, diet, and eating habits contribute to oral decay over time. So it’s always a good idea to have annual exams with your veterinarian if your dog is over seven years of age to make sure his teeth and gums are healthy.
Smaller dogs and toy breeds may need dental cleanings as young a two years of age, but it’s important to keep in mind that most dogs don’t need a dental before the age of six or seven. Small dogs need dental cleanings more often than larger dogs because their teeth, relative to their mouths, are big, which causes overcrowding. Another reason is that smaller breeds (such as Yorkies) are notorious for hanging onto their baby teeth in addition to their adult teeth, which adds to overcrowding, which then leads to more places for tartar build-up.
Dogs with short faces and noses, such as Pugs, Bulldogs, and Shih Tzus are more at risk for dental disease because they are prone to deform permanent teeth, which gives more places for tartar to hide, and odd-shaped tooth roots that can predispose them to endodontic disease.
Small dogs have very shallow tooth roots, so any kind of periodontal disease can affect them more severely than bigger dogs. Another breed-related dental issue is something called malocclusion, where the jaws are misaligned so that they don’t connect properly. This can lead to a predisposition to dental disease and tartar build-up.
Larger dogs don’t tend to have the dental issues that small dogs have, but they are prone to broken or fractured teeth due to strong chewing habits, and this can cause mouth pain, inappetence, and irritable behaviors. If you schedule regular exams with your veterinarian, they will be able to tell you when and how often your dog should get dental.
How Can I Help Keep My Dog’s Teeth Healthy?
If your dog will let you, brushing your dog’s teeth is an effective way to help keep your best friend’s teeth and gums healthy. There are many products available that can help you improve your dog’s oral health, such as dental chews, water additives, enzymatic toothpaste, and specially formulated dental diets.
Country View Veterinary Service is here for all your dog’s dental needs in Oregon, WI and the surrounding areas. Call us today if you have any questions or concerns about your dog’s dental health.
NOTE: All dental cleanings and surgeries are performed at our Oregon location.
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